Russian dictator Vladimir Putin signed a decree marking Sept. 30 a "reunification day" commemorating Russia's illegal annexation of Luhansk, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson oblasts, the Russian news outlet Interfax reported on Sept. 28.
On Sept. 30, 2022, Russia signed "treaties" with Moscow's proxies in the four occupied regions, declaring them part of the Russian Federation.
The signing followed a series of sham referendums in the regions.
Residents of the occupied regions reported that local authorities used intimidation tactics and threats of violence to force people to vote in the referendums.
This year, Putin recorded a video address congratulating residents of the occupied territories on the anniversary of "reunification."
"A year ago, on September 30, a defining, truly historic and life-changing event took place: agreements were signed on the accession of four new subjects to the Russian Federation," Putin said.
On Sept. 29, the Russian Defense Ministry announced it would begin enlisting residents of the occupied territories as part of its twice-yearly military conscription campaign.